Best password managers
Last updated: January 6, 2021

If you decide to use a password manager, this is a good option: Bitwarden.

Why: Bitwarden is open-source, has reasonable prices, and conveniently syncs passwords to the cloud, with an option to run the software locally without cloud syncing.

However: Some people prefer to avoid all password managers. If your master password gets stolen, or (for cloud syncing) the password manager's server gets hacked, you'll be vulnerable to the compromise of all your online accounts.

If you don't want a password manager: An alternative to password managers is to create your own passwords (with several random words strung together, as in this xkcd comic, which is also discussed here and here), perhaps with misspellings and digits sprinkled in, and then writing the passwords, on paper, and storing them securely at home.

Other options

KeePassXC, based in Germany, is an free open-source password manager for local storage. (Syncing can be added with the help of other tools.)

Password Safe is a free open-source password manager, for Windows only, created by American security expert Bruce Schneier. (There is a Mac version, pwSafe, by other developers - listed here on the Password Safe site.)

• PrivacyTools offers a longer list of password managers.

• Two tools to check the strength of a theoretical password are Kaspersky's password checker and Pwned Passwords. Don't type in an actual password of yours, though.


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