Alternative Internet providers
Last updated: April 20, 2021

Here are some internet providers that act as alternatives to monopoly/duopoly services like Verizon and Spectrum:

• In New York City, NYC Mesh

• Across the US, see this state-by-state list of municipal fiber-to-the-home networks created by, which is part of the Institute for Local Self-Reliance.

• Notably, in Chattanooga, TN, a city-owned utility called EPB had to fight off a lawsuit by Comcast, which tried to shut down EPB's citizen-oriented service. Quartz reported (April 15, 2021) that Chattanooga's EPB is the best broadband in the country, citing PCMag.

More resources

Fiber: The Coming Tech Revolution and Why American Might Miss It, by Susan Crawford

Interview with Susan Crawford (Techtonic, Feb 4, 2019)